Wednesday, June 30, 2010


ХОЛОДНАЯ ВОЙНА, in Russian, or "Cold War," as it is spelled in English. The Cold War was still in force when I arrived in Jerusalem in the summer of 1989 to study at The Hebrew University, still a lively topic of academic perplexity and debate. I was quizzed on Cold War issues far too many times to count as an American student.

Lurene's email in 2014:

In this classic photo, Soviet tanks face U.S. tanks at Checkpoint Charlie on October 27, 1961. I was born in 1964, so for us kids this was always life as we learned it, Europe as we saw it. Berlin Crisis 1961 photo was found on Wikipedia site, Cold War entry.

MAY 17, 1990

Internationalism – lecture
Exam 5/18 on only INTERNATIONAL
TOPIC: The Global System after 1945.
THEME: How the World War and Cold War were instrumental in propelling a global political orientation away from the idea of nationalism. (True cooperation among nations on a transnational basis)

On Exam – Know material in handbook. Read from page 54. For example, on Yalta Conference. What Iron Curtain idea is, cold war idea, Truman doctrine. Must answer 20 terms out of 30, a few lines for each. Marshal Plan, etc.

Reading pg 35-68, on general. Pg 65-71 for this lesson

• UNITED NATIONS NOT an organization of true cooperation.
• The league tried, but failed.
• The Marshall Plan, NATO succeeded.
• Warsaw pact, no. Russia took all of the decisions.

Also, concept of integration – as what Europe is attempting.


Pluralistic states – which have a plurality of nationalities.

At Potsdam, exaltation of the nation above others was forbidden. Germany forbidden self-determination. Under allied control.

• No peace agreement at end of war; Germany was dictated terms.

1945 on – the decline of nationalism #

May 20, 1990
Syria Readings

Syrian Political Parties up to independence…

1) What characteristic marked Syrian Political parties?

Excessive individualism. There was not party discipline or cohesion. The first real parties were during the French Mandate.

2) What did the National Bloc do in the Syrian Parliament (constituent assembly) in 1928?

They provided initiative and organization. Though they were the minority. When the Assembly’s draft of the new Syrian constitution was presented to the French and rejected, the Bloc refused to compromise. In 1930, the assembly was dissolved and a constitution was imposed by the French.

3) What was the national Pact?

Group of Syrian nationalists who in 1935, 36, demanded independence, the union of all of Syria except Lebanon, the end of Zionism, and a ban on all parties except the block.

4) Describe characteristics of Syrian Parties;

• The Bloc – only an alliance as long as there was a common foe. Broke up after the French left.
• The Syrian Social Nationalists – believed in a distinct Syrian nationalism. Promoted the natural unity of geographical Syria. Called for the nationalization of resources. Separation of religion and the state. Members included women – open to all. Continued later. #

Internationalism, Nationalism

On exam, know concepts like: IMF, Cold War, OEEC, Marshal Plan, Truman Doctrine, George Kennan, Bedelli-Smith.

1) How did the Cold War begin? Pg 63
2) America’s response to the Cold War fluctuates between unilateral and international (not bilateral) action.

Theme: Why was the Cold War instrumental in propelling the global system towards INTERNATIONALISM?

Americans skipped “Bi-lateralism”. England did not.

• Israel skipped From Unilateralism to international system.

Pgs 72 – 74 for next week 75 – 76

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